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Alcohol: 5 New Studies

Posted By NWI, Tuesday, April 1, 2014
Updated: Thursday, March 20, 2014

April hosts a few wellness-related events that seek to educate individuals on alcohol use and abuse: 

National Alcohol Awareness Month
National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Inc. 

Alcohol-Free Weekend -- April 4 – 6 
National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Inc.

National Alcohol Screening Day -- April 10
Screening for Mental Health, Inc.

5 New Studies

1. In an experiment conducted on mice, researchers found that male sperm was adversely affected by alcohol consumption leading to fetal disorders. This is significant because it suggests that alcohol consumption by both men and woman can play a role in the overall health of a baby.

Hye Jeong Lee, Jae-Sung Ryu, Na Young Choi, Yo Seph Park, Yong Il Kim, Dong Wook Han, Kisung Ko, Chan Young Shin, Han Sung Hwang, Kyung-Sun Kang, Kinarm Ko. Transgenerational effects of paternal alcohol exposure in mouse offspringAnimal Cells and Systems, 2013; 17 (6): 429 DOI:10.1080/19768354.2013.865675

University of Tennessee researchers found links between alcohol use, not pot, and domestic violence.

Ryan C. Shorey, Gregory L. Stuart, Todd M. Moore, James K. McNulty. The Temporal Relationship Between Alcohol, Marijuana, Angry Affect, and Dating Violence Perpetration: A Daily Diary Study With Female College Students.Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 2013; DOI: 10.1037/a0034648

3. A March 2014 report spread doubt of the effectiveness of community interventions (on their own) to prevent alcohol related crimes, crashes, and hospital emissions. Interventions such as school and work-based education and training, media messaging on harms, screening and brief advice in general practice, pharmacies and hospital emergency departments, and targeting high risk individuals and high risk times where measured against the alcohol related outcomes. The interventions were, however, related to small drops in reported consumption and verbal abuse tied to alcohol use.

Anthony Shakeshaft, Christopher Doran, Dennis Petrie, Courtney Breen, Alys Havard, Ansari Abudeen, Elissa Harwood, Anton Clifford, Catherine D'Este, Stuart Gilmour, Rob Sanson-Fisher. The Effectiveness of Community Action in Reducing Risky Alcohol Consumption and Harm: A Cluster Randomised Controlled TrialPLoS Medicine, 2014; 11 (3): e1001617 DOI:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001617

4. A February 2014 study on placentas showed women who drink alcohol at moderate or heavy levels in the early stages of their pregnancy might (specifically) damage the growth and function of their placenta—the organ responsible for supplying everything that a developing infant needs until birth. Placentas studied in a laboratory environment showed that drinking alcohol at moderate (2/3 standard drinks) to high (4-6 standard drinks) rates reduced the cell growth in a woman’s placenta and could damage the fetus.

Sylvia Lui, Rebecca L. Jones, Nathalie J. Robinson, Susan L. Greenwood, John D. Aplin, Clare L. Tower. Detrimental Effects of Ethanol and Its Metabolite Acetaldehyde, on First Trimester Human Placental Cell Turnover and FunctionPLoS ONE, 2014; 9 (2): e87328 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087328

5.  If you are over 55, you should be extra careful about alcohol consumption. A study out in March of 2014 showed that alcohol has a greater impairment effect on older drivers.

Alfredo L. Sklar, Jeff Boissoneault, Mark T. Fillmore, Sara Jo Nixon. Interactions between age and moderate alcohol effects on simulated driving performancePsychopharmacology, 2013; 231 (3): 557 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-013-3269-4


Tags:  Alcohol  April 2014  Emotional  Intellectual  Physical 

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