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This site is an archive of our Well Written Blog posts until April 2020. For the most up-to-date content visit NWIJournal.com.

The opinions and thoughts expressed here those of the authors and do not necessarily correlate with those of the National Wellness Institute. Read more.

 

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Emotional Wellness Breakthrough: First Blood Test to Diagnose Major Depression Developed

Posted By NWI, Wednesday, October 1, 2014
Updated: Monday, September 22, 2014

Are you depressed? How do you feel? These questions once touched on a gray area that some individuals would rather not visit. Plus, the answer or diagnosis was often based on observation on non-specific symptoms. Pride, shame, fear, disbelief: There are many reasons why individuals might avoid self-diagnosing and/or listening to the diagnosis of a healthcare professional.

Realizing that many individuals who needed mental care avoided seeking it, the mental health community did its part to educate populations. Depression is often the result of a chemical imbalance and not a mark that there is something “wrong” with the individual.

The gray area is beginning to clear as researchers from Northwestern University have developed a blood test that provides the first scientific diagnoses of major depression. It also can identify individuals who are at risk for depression.

The test measures levels of nine RNA blood markers. (RNA molecules are the messengers that interpret the DNA genetic code and carry out its instructions.) Even better, the blood test predicts who will benefit from cognitive behavioral therapy.

Why is this good? This will provide the opportunity for more effective, individualized therapy for people with depression by not only showing who might benefit from cognitive behavioral therapy, but also by showing the impact of such therapy through ongoing testing.

Plus, the study suggests that the test could increase diagnosis. Currently, according to the background research for the study, a subjective diagnosis takes between two to 40 months to identify major depression and many cases are not diagnosed. This test will be faster and more accurate.

Finally, because the test can identify individuals who are vulnerable to depression, those individuals can be treated preemptively so they stay “well,” instead of waiting for treatment until they are unwell.

The next step is to test the method on a larger population.

 

 

Resources

E E Redei, B M Andrus, M J Kwasny, J Seok, X Cai, J Ho, D C Mohr. Blood transcriptomic biomarkers in adult primary care patients with major depressive disorder undergoing cognitive behavioral therapy. Translational Psychiatry, 2014; 4 (9): e442 DOI: 10.1038/tp.2014.66

Northwestern University. (2014, September 17). First blood test to diagnose depression in adults. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140917121229.htm

Tags:  Depression  Emotional  October 2014  Social 

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Wellness in 10: 10 Things You Should Know About Over-the-counter Pain Relievers

Posted By NWI, Wednesday, October 1, 2014
Updated: Monday, September 22, 2014

1.       In general, there are acetaminophens (such as Tylenol); N SAIDs which are anti-inflammatories like aspirin (many brand names), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin), and naproxen (Aleve); and COX-2 inhibitors like Celebrex.

2.       Acetaminophen in large amounts can cause liver damage. Individuals should be cautious of trusting the “safe” upper limit on the bottle if they also 1) drink alcohol (which is also processed through the liver) or 2) are also taking other pain/cold/headache medications which commonly also contain acetaminophen.

3.       While aspirin is an N SAID, it also has unique anti-clotting properties that last longer than the other N SAIDs' non-clotting properties (days instead of hours according to MedicineNet.com). While this may make it good for heart patients, alternatives and bleeding risks make other options better according to Harvard Health.

4.       N SAID stands for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. All N SAIDs have the potential to increase heart attack risk by increasing blood pressure and promoting clotting when cut cold-turkey. They are also linked to increased risks of stomach discomfort and/or ulcers.

5.       N SAIDS and COX-2 inhibitors are processed through the kidneys, whereas acetaminophens are processed through the liver. Individuals with kidney or liver problems should always consult a health professional before taking medications to manage pain.

6.       COX-2 inhibitors were introduced as the “safe” version of N SAIDs without the side effects associated with stomach issues. However, after they entered the market several (Vioxx and Bextra) were linked to heart issues and pulled from the shelves.  

7.       Low doses of Celebrex and other available COX-2 inhibitors are still considered safe for the moment. Researchers, including those at Harvard Health are still waiting on additional studies before weighing in completely.

Bottom line…

8.       Managing chronic pain should be done under the supervision of a health professional.

9.       Dose matters (also be careful of increasing doses when taking more than one medication).

10.   Don’t go cold-turkey if you have been on a pain medication regimen. The way individuals stop taking drugs can be harmful to the body as well.

 

MedicineNet.com. Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs. Retrieved from http://www.medicinenet.com/nonsteroidal_antiinflammatory_drugs/page2.htm

 

The Harvard Health School Family Guide. 12 things you should know about pain relievers. Retrieved from http://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/updates/12-things-you-should-know-about-pain-relievers.shtml

Tags:  Intellectual  October 2014  Pain  Physical  Wellness In 10 

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Spotlight on Social Wellness

Posted By NWI, Monday, September 1, 2014
Updated: Tuesday, August 19, 2014

There are some dimensions of wellness that get more coverage than others. For instance, most people have at one time or another made specific effort in the area of physical wellness (encompassing exercise and nutrition). Others may have even gone as far as focusing on their emotional (psychological), intellectual (learning something new), or spiritual (connection to something bigger than ourselves) wellness. Most definitely, many working individuals have thought about their occupational wellness, although some are more successful at working on it that others.

This month we are going to take a look at Social Wellness and a few tips to become more socially well. The National Wellness Institute definition of Social Wellness is as follows:

The social dimension of wellness encourages contributing to one’s environment and community. It emphasizes the interdependence between individuals and nature. As an individual travels a wellness path, they become more aware of their importance in society as well as the impact they have on multiple environments. Individuals practicing Social Wellness take an active part in improving the world by encouraging healthier living and initiating better communication with those around them. They actively seek ways to preserve the beauty and balance of nature along their pathway as they discover the power to make willful choices to enhance personal relationships and important friendships, and build a better living space and community.

Social wellness follows these tenets:

• It is better to contribute to the common welfare of our community than to think only of ourselves.

• It is better to live in harmony with others and our environment than to live in conflict with them.

Below are a few easy ways to incorporate more social wellness into your daily life.

·         Call that friend, family member, neighbor, etc. you’ve been meaning to reach out to.

·         Listen more, talk less.

·         Don’t judge.

·         Ask individuals how they are doing and listen to their responses.

·         Volunteer.

·         Smile more…even at strangers.

·         Recycle.

·         Practice conservation of our natural resources.

·         Stop (or at least slow down) and appreciate all that is around you.

·         Turn off technology (if even for a minute).

·         Think about being a leader...act like someone you are proud to be.

·         Be helpful even to those to whom you don’t owe anything.

·         Be nice.

·         Think of new ways you can enrich your immediate community to the universal community.

For more information on the social dimension of wellness visit www.nationalwellness.org.

Tags:  September 2014  Social 

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Wellness In 10: Keys to Coping Better

Posted By NWI, Monday, September 1, 2014
Updated: Tuesday, August 19, 2014

TalentSmart, the organization behind books like Emotional Intelligence 2.0 (http://www.talentsmart.com/), conducted research with more than a million people, and found that 90% of top performers share a similar skill: the ability to control their emotions in times of stress to stay in control.

While the negative impacts of stress on the body and emotional state are well documented, there are also times that stress can be good. Research completed in 2013 by two University of California Berkeley researchers found that some amount of stress is good to push individuals to the next level of alertness, and both behavioral and cognitive performance. In fact short bursts of stress, they said, can prime the brain for the next level of performance.

So how can you cope with stress better and use the emotion to grow instead of shrink? How do you use stress to take yourself to the next level of achievement? Here are ten tips adapted in part from the TalentSmart web site:

(1) Slow down your reaction and your emotions. All of the tips at TalentSmart require the individual to have a moment of pause before action. In that moment of pause you can remove yourself from the moment and (2) stop to think what you are grateful for allowing yourself to re-frame the situation (you may not like your coworker right now, but you love your job!). Next, (3) Stay Positive. Focusing on what is positive around you or about the situation will allow you to better manage the stress at hand. Then, (4) Evaluate your own perspective. Stress is an emotion you can choose not to feel. Let’s face it, we have all reacted to situations and then later, had a lesser reaction because distance from that moment softened our reactions. Choose to soften in the moment. How much does this really matter in the big scheme of things?

Above are situational coping techniques that require you to slow down and work through a situation before you react, but there are also daily habits that will allow you to react with more peace and stability and less stress.

For instance, (5) Disconnecting (not answering work emails at home and allowing yourself to take an earned break) is important as is (6) Limiting your caffeine intake (a little is good, too much can make you reactive), and (7) Getting enough sleep (a well-rested mind is more capable of doing the processing suggested in steps 1-4 above). You can also (8) practice breathing. Mindfulness and meditation are proven to help the brain process better (start with 5 minutes a day of quiet breathing). Think about (9) stopping your negative self-talk. Everyone will fail at things in life…the difference between coping and not coping is the difference between saying “I failed,” versus, “That wasn’t a success, but next time I know how to do it better.” Finally, (10) Keep your friends close. Support networks go a long way in helping us practice the above techniques. When we stop to talk about a stressful situation we are processing in slowly and at times, gaining another perspective we may have missed the first time around.

 

Bradberry, T. (February 2014). How successful people stay calm. TalentSmart. Retrieved August 4, 2014 from http://www.talentsmart.com/articles/How-Successful-People-Stay-Calm-799773507-p-1.html

Kirby, E.D. and Muroy, S.E. et al. (April 16, 2013), Acute stress enhances adult rat hippocampal neurogenesis and activation of newborn neurons via secreted astrocytic FGF2. University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved August 4, 2014 from DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.00362

Tags:  Coping  emotional  intellectual  September 2014  social  Stress 

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Your Body-Clock and Wellness…

Posted By NWI, Monday, September 1, 2014
Updated: Tuesday, August 19, 2014

New research (July 2014) shows that certain types of artificial light can help humans to regulate their internal body clocks or circadian rhythms.

According to the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of General Medical Sciences, circadian rhythms are our bodies’ physical, mental, and behavioral cycles and are impacted by light and darkness. Circadian rhythms can influence our sleep, hormones, and body temperature among other bodily functions. Circadian rhythms that are off have been linked to sleep disorders, obesity, diabetes, depression, bipolar disorder, and seasonal affective disorder. Individuals who have trouble sleeping at night, sleep during the day, live in a region with longer days and nights, work in spaces with no windows, and/or who travel and experience jet-lag, are at larger risk of throwing off their circadian rhythms.

This new research from INSERM (Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale) suggests that dimly lit working environments with specific types of artificial light can help to reset the internal clocks of those who spend times in those environments. The application for this research, the report suggests, could lead to specific light design strategies for businesses and individuals whose exposure to natural light is not sufficient.

Specifically, light that included blue wavelengths (white light enriched with blue…full blue lights were not needed to achieve these results) helped the bodies in the study to regulate circadian rhythms more so than light with only white wavelengths. Further, the white light enriched with blue light can be dim and the individual only has to be exposed to this type of light between 30 minutes and two hours to have positive impact. And finally, the positive impact of this type of lighting did not appear to diminish over time.

So what should you do for your overall wellness if you think your circadian rhythms are consistently impacted? Get more daytime exposure to artificial blue-enriched white light.

National Institutes of Health. (2014) Circadian Rhythm Fact Sheet. Retrieved July 30, 2014 from http://www.nigms.nih.gov/Education/Pages/Factsheet_CircadianRhythms.aspx

Raymond P. Najjar, Luzian Wolf, Jacques Taillard, Luc J. M. Schlangen, Alex Salam, Christian Cajochen, Claude Gronfier. Chronic Artificial Blue-Enriched White Light Is an Effective Countermeasure to Delayed Circadian Phase and Neurobehavioral Decrements. PLoS ONE, 2014; 9 (7): e102827 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102827

Tags:  Circadian  Occupational  Physical  September 2014  Sleep 

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Suicide: Could you identify the risk factors?

Posted By NWI, Monday, September 1, 2014
Updated: Tuesday, August 19, 2014

Last month (August 2014) brought us the untimely death of a revered American comedian: Robin Williams. While it was no secret Robin had struggles (alcohol and drug abuse) while showing a humorous public face, many were still shocked at his passing and apparent suicide.

While his death is a tragedy for his family, friends, and fans, it also speaks to the human condition and numerous cases of mental disease in the population. Some go undiagnosed, or worse, some are diagnosed and untreated due to unfounded social taboos. Mentalhealth.gov estimates (for a one year snap shot) that as many as one in five adults experience a mental issue, while an article posted on Psychology Todays website estimated (again in a one year snap shot) that as few as three in 100 adults seek help for depression.

So could you identify the warning signs of suicide?

What these statistics reflect is a population where depression might be more common than we think. If you "feel down," have depressive feelings, or feel you may have a mental disease...or know someone who may be experiencing these feelings, you are not alone and it is ok to seek help. To treat these feelings and symptoms, we must work to demystify mental illness—most people experience it during their lifetime.

So what should you do if you have these feelings or you fear someone you care about has these feelings? What are the warning signs before someone attempts suicide?

Taken from the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, the following are the key warning signs of a suicidal person. 

  • Most of the time, people who kill themselves show one or more of these warning signs before they take action: 
  • Talking about wanting to kill themselves, or saying they wish they were dead
  • Looking for a way to kill themselves, such as hoarding medicine or buying a gun
  • Talking about a specific suicide plan
  • Feeling hopeless or having no reason to live
  • Feeling trapped, desperate, or needing to escape from an intolerable situation
  • Having the feeling of being a burden to others
  • Feeling humiliated
  • Having intense anxiety and/or panic attacks
  • Losing interest in things, or losing the ability to experience pleasure
  • Insomnia
  • Becoming socially isolated and withdrawn from friends, family, and others
  • Acting irritable or agitated
  • Showing rage, or talking about seeking revenge for being victimized or rejected, whether or not the situations the person describes seem real
  • Individuals who show such behaviors should be evaluated for possible suicide risk by a medical doctor or mental health professional.

What To Do When You Suspect Someone May Be at Risk for Suicide

  • Take it Seriously 
  • 50% to 75% of all people who attempt suicide tell someone about their intention.
  • If someone you know shows the warning signs above, the time to act is now.
  • Ask Questions
  • Begin by telling the suicidal person you are concerned about them.
  • Tell them specifically what they have said or done that makes you feel concerned about suicide.
  • Don't be afraid to ask whether the person is considering suicide, and whether they have a particular plan or method in mind. These questions will not push them toward suicide if they were not considering it.
  • Ask if they are seeing a clinician or are taking medication so the treating person can be contacted.
  • Do not try to argue someone out of suicide. Instead, let them know that you care, that they are not alone and that they can get help. Avoid pleading and preaching to them with statements such as, “You have so much to live for,” or “Your suicide will hurt your family.”
  • Encourage Professional Help
  • Actively encourage the person to see a physician or mental health professional immediately.
  • People considering suicide often believe they cannot be helped. If you can, assist them to identify a professional and schedule an appointment. If they will let you, go to the appointment with them.
  • Take Action
  • If the person is threatening, talking about, or making specific plans for suicide, this is a crisis requiring immediate attention. Do not leave the person alone.
  • Remove any firearms, drugs, or sharp objects that could be used for suicide from the area.
  • Take the person to a walk-in clinic at a psychiatric hospital or a hospital emergency room.
  • If these options are not available, call 911 or the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255) for assistance.
  • Follow-Up on Treatment
  • Still skeptical that they can be helped, the suicidal person may need your support to continue with treatment after the first session.

 

American Foundation for Suicide Prevention. Risk factors and warning signs. Retrieved on August 15, 2014 from https://www.afsp.org/preventing-suicide/risk-factors-and-warning-signs

Rubin, E. (Jan. 20, 2011). How many people are treated for depression? Demystifying Psychiatry. Retrieved on August 15, 2014 from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/demystifying-psychiatry/201101/how-many-people-are-treated-depression.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Mental health myths and facts. Retrieved on August 15, 2014 from http://www.mentalhealth.gov/basics/myths-facts/

 

Tags:  Depression  Emotional  September 2014  Social  Suicide 

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Work-life Balance: Do Men Have the Upper Hand?

Posted By NWI, Monday, September 1, 2014
Updated: Tuesday, August 19, 2014

A research paper released in August, 2014 suggests that men may have the upper hand when requesting work schedules and arrangements that support work-life balance.

The research found that men who requested flexible work arrangements (such as working from home a few days a week or the ability to work non-traditional hours) got more favorable responses than women who asked for similar arrangements.

The research also found that both men and women who made the requests to accommodate childcare needs were more successful than men and women who made similar requests when children were not a factor.

It is important to note that the research asked participants to read and react to a number of different scenarios and didn’t look at actual instances of requests. Participants read the scenarios and then reported on how likely they would be to grant the requested flexible work schedule.

In 69.7 percent of cases where the scenario had a man making the request, study participants said they would be likely to grant the requested schedule. This compares to only 56.7 percent of cases where a women was the focus of the scenario asking for a flexible schedule. Moreover, participants went on to rate the men making the request as “extremely likeable” 24.3 percent of the time, but only found requesting women to be “extremely likeable” three percent of the time.

As the author explained the results in an American Sociological Association press release, "Today, we think of women's responsibilities as including paid labor and domestic obligations, but we still regard breadwinning as men's primary responsibility and we feel grateful if men contribute in the realm of childcare or to other household tasks."

The author went on to explain that as more women earn as much if not more than their mates, this bias will only serve to increase the gender gap.

Individuals with childcare reasons were still seen as more favorable than individuals asking for flexible work schedules to reduce commute times and/or their carbon footprint.

The ability to balance work and life is an important ingredient in a well life. Bringing biases to the surface will only help individuals and organizations to evaluate their practices as we work towards a more well society.

Munsch, C. (August 2014). Flexible work, flexible penalties: The effect of gender, childcare, and type of request on the flexibility bias. Presented at the American Sociological Association's 109th Annual Meeting. 

Tags:  Balance  Intellectual  Occupational  September 2014  Social  Spir  Work 

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Inspiration: Intellectual Wellness

Posted By NWI, Monday, September 1, 2014
Updated: Tuesday, August 19, 2014

Self-education is, I firmly believe, the only kind of education there is. - Isaac Asimov

The more I live, the more I learn. The more I learn, the more I realize, the less I know. - Michel Legrand

Anyone who stops learning is old, whether at twenty or eighty. Anyone who keeps learning stays young. - Henry Ford

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. - W.B. Yeats

Intellectual growth should commence at birth and cease only at death. - Albert Einstein

Curiosity is one of the permanent and certain characteristics of a vigorous intellect. - Samuel Johnson, The Rambler

All the world is my school and all humanity is my teacher. - George Whitman

The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn. - Alvin Toffler

A library is a hospital for the mind. - Anonymous

The most useful piece of learning for the uses of life is to unlearn what is untrue. - Antisthenes

An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest. - Benjamin Franklin

Learning is like rowing upstream; not to advance is to drop back. - Chinese proverb

It is what we know already that often prevents us from learning. - Claude Bernard

The important thing is not so much that every child should be taught, as that every child should be given the wish to learn. - John Lubbock

One of the reasons people stop learning is that they become less and less willing to risk failure. - John W. Gardner

Tags:  Inspiration  Intellectual  September 2014 

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Wellness in 10: 10 facts about wellness coaches

Posted By NWI, Friday, August 1, 2014
Updated: Monday, July 21, 2014

Health coaching is growing in popularity, however, not all people understand what health coaches do. Below are 10 facts about health coaches to help you determine if seeing this type of professional might be beneficial to you.

  1. A Health and Wellness Coach is a guide, mentor, and aide who helps a client take responsibility for his or her own health.
  2. A Health and Wellness Coach encourages personal responsibility.
  3. A Health and Wellness Coach should be seen as a source of support on your wellness journey.
  4. Health and Wellness Coaches may help a client to focus on weight management, food cravings, sleep, energy, stress management, smoking cessation, diabetes management, among other health empowerment areas. 
  5. A Health and Wellness Coach does not diagnose, treat or take responsibility for bringing about wellness changes in a client’s life; rather, he/she guides and supports the client as they progress towards personal wellness goals.
  6. Health and Wellness Coaches tend to focus on behavioral choices along with the basic understanding of dietary patterns and overall health.
  7. Many Health and Wellness Coaches use a strengths-based approach: instead of aiming to correct what is not working for you, they work to build what is working well for you from a wellness standpoint.
  8. Health and Wellness coaches are not (unless they hold another degree) therapists, personal trainers, dietitians, nurses, etc. They are trained to aide you as you work to make positive health and wellness decisions.
  9. If you are looking for a Health and Wellness Coach, first start by checking with your employer. Many workplaces now offer this service as part of a health plan. Health and Wellness Coaches might also be found by contacting your local fitness facility, medical center, or through an online search.
  10. Because there are limited degrees specific to wellness coaching (this degree program is growing, but is still limited), individuals may want to make sure their wellness health coach has a background or degree in the specific area with which they need help (such as nutrition). 

For more information on health and wellness coaching visit: The International Coaching Federation at http://www.coachfederation.org/need/landing.cfm?ItemNumber=978&navItemNumber=567

Tags:  August 2014  Emotional  Intellectual  Occupational  Physical  Social  Spiritual  Wellness In 10 

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Cholesterol 101: What you need to know

Posted By NWI, Friday, August 1, 2014
Updated: Monday, July 21, 2014

The Basics:

  • Cholesterol is both created by your body and can be ingested through the foods you eat.
  • There is “good” and “bad” cholesterol.
  • Good Cholesterol (HDL), is considered beneficial because it helps remove LDL cholesterol (“bad” artery clogging cholesterol) from the arteries. HDL carries LDL cholesterol away from the arteries and back to the liver, where it is broken down and passed from the body. Individuals need healthy HDL levels (guide below) to keep their LDL levels in check. Think of HDL as “happy” cholesterol.
  • Bad Cholesterol (LDL), is harmful because it contributes to plaque that can clog arteries and make them less flexible. Clots can block arteries resulting in heart attack or stroke. Clots can also cause blockages in the arteries that supply blood to the legs (peripheral artery disease) resulting in constant leg pain or even open sores. Peripheral artery disease can also lead to heart attack or stroke. Think of LDL as “lousy” cholesterol.
  • Triglycerides are a type of fat. This fat stores excess energy (calories consumed) from your diet. While we need to store some energy, storing too much is associated with overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, cigarette smoking, excess alcohol consumption and a diet very high in carbohydrates (more than 60 percent of total calories).
  • Lp(a) is a type of LDL “lousy” cholesterol. A high level of Lp(a) is a significant risk factor for the premature development of fatty deposits in arteries.

 

The numbers: (Please note cholesterol in the US is measured in mg/dl, or Milligrams per deciliter)

  •  Total Cholesterol = HDL + LDL + 20% of Triglyceride levels. Individuals should aim for levels below 180 – 200 (sources vary on the exact number). 200-239 is considered borderline high. Above 240 is considered high risk.
  • HDL “happy” cholesterol for men should be 40 and above and for women should be 50 and above. 60 and above is considered ideal for both sexes.
  • As for LDL “lousy” cholesterol…Individuals are said to be
    • well at below 100
    • still ok with levels below 129
    • borderline high from 130-159
    • high at  160 - 189
    • and very high when above 190
  • Triglycerides are said to be
    • normal when they are less than 150
    • borderline high when they are between 150 to 199
    • high when they are between 200 to 499
    • and very high when they are more than 500

 How to improve your numbers:

  • Exercise helps to increase HDL “happy” cholesterol
  • To lower your LDL and triglycerides
    • Quit smoking
    • Exercise
    • Eat more fruits and vegetables, fish, and fiber, less carbohydrates, processed foods, and saturated fat
    • Consider medication

Note: The American Heart Association recommends that individuals 20 years of age and older have their levels checked every 4-6 years.

 

American Heart Association. What your cholesterol levels mean. Retrieved on July 21, 2014 from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Cholesterol/AboutCholesterol/What-Your-Cholesterol-Levels-Mean_UCM_305562_Article.jsp

Mayo Clinic. Peripheral artery disease (PAD). Retrieved on July 21, 2014 from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/peripheral-artery-disease/basics/causes/con-20028731

MedlinePLUS. Understanding cholesterol results. Retrieved on July 21, 2014 from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/patientinstructions/000386.htm

WebMD. 11 tips to cut your cholesterol fast. Retrieved on July 21, 2014 from http://www.webmd.com/cholesterol-management/features/11-tips-to-cut-your-cholesterol-fast?page=3

WebMD. Cholesterol & Triglycerides Health Center. Retrieved on July 21, 2014 from http://www.webmd.com/cholesterol-management/lowering-triglyceride-levels

Tags:  August 2014  Cholesterol  Intellectual  Physical 

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