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This site is an archive of our Well Written Blog posts until April 2020. For the most up-to-date content visit NWIJournal.com.

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New FDA Tobacco Rules Go into Effect, June 22, 2010 (July 2010)

Posted By National Wellness Institute, Thursday, July 1, 2010
Updated: Friday, December 28, 2012
Smoking has long been out of style. Now, new Food and Drug Administration rules will make the dirty habit even less accessible.

President Barack Obama signed the Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act in June 2009, with most of its provisions going into effect one year following the signing or June 22, 2010. The new law includes the following provisions:

  • A prohibition on tobacco sales to consumers under the age of 18;
  • Requires age verification for tobacco customers who appear to be under the age of 27;
  • Requires all cigarette and smokeless tobacco transactions be conducted face-to-face (prohibits vending or self-serve displays in all instances except adult-only facilities);
  • Bans free samples of cigarettes, and allows only very limited free samples of smokeless products;
  • Restricts the descriptors used on cigarette packs, such as "light" and "mild;"
  • Bans the act of selling cigarettes in any package size smaller than a pack (no single sales or mini-packs); and,
  • Prohibits gifts or free items in connection to tobacco purchases.

Enforcement policies: While state laws over enforcement might be different from federal law, the FDA said owners of the store in which the violation took place are ultimately responsible for the violation and fined, not the clerk or person who violated the rule. Violations are also tallied by each store location, and as penalties increase, the first violation will attach to that particular store, not across an entire chain of common ownership locations.


Only states and commonwealths with laws that do not allow smoking in attached bars orseparately ventilated rooms and do not have size exemptions are listed here.

  • Arizona
  • Delaware
  • Hawaii
  • Illinois
  • Iowa
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • Puerto Rico
  • Rhode Island
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Washington

The following state laws have been passed by the legislature and signed by the governor but either are not yet in effect or are subject to a referendum vote:

  • Kansas enacted a 100% smokefree workplace, restaurant, and bar law, which is scheduled to go into effect July 1, 2010.
  • South Dakota enacted a smokefree workplace law that became effective July 1, 2002, and a 100% smokefree restaurant, bar, and gaming facilities law, which was scheduled to go into effect on July 1, 2009, but which has been suspended by a referendum placing the law on the ballot in November 2010, and which will not go into effect unless approved by the voters.
  • Wisconsin enacted a 100% workplace, restaurant, and bar law, which is scheduled to go into effect July 5, 2010.


Note: The jurisdiction(s) affected by county-level laws vary widely. Look for a plus symbol (+) next to each county with a law that includes both incorporated and unincorporated areas. A county without a symbol means that the county law covers unincorporated areas only.

Only municipalities with laws that do not allow smoking in attached bars or separately ventilated rooms and do not have size exemptions are listed here. Total is 379!!!!

  • Anchorage, AK
  • Haines County, AK+
  • Klawock, AK
  • Atmore, AL
  • Bayou La Batre, AL
  • Citronelle, AL
  • Cottonwood, AL
  • Decatur, AL
  • East Brewton, AL
  • Flomaton, AL
  • Gulf Shores, AL
  • Orange Beach, AL
  • Oxford, AL
  • Phenix City, AL
  • Talladega, AL
  • Fairfield Bay, AR
  • Flagstaff, AZ
  • Gilbert, AZ
  • Guadalupe, AZ
  • Prescott, AZ
  • Sedona, AZ
  • Tempe, AZ
  • Youngtown, AZ
  • Alameda County, CA
  • Albany, CA
  • Belmont, CA
  • Berkeley, CA
  • Blue Lake, CA
  • Calabasas, CA
  • Chico, CA
  • Contra Costa County, CA
  • Davis, CA
  • Del Mar, CA
  • Imperial Beach, CA
  • Laguna Hills, CA
  • Laguna Woods, CA
  • Loma Linda, CA
  • Long Beach, CA
  • Mammoth Lakes, CA
  • Marin County, CA
  • Martinez, CA
  • Millbrae, CA
  • Monterey, CA
  • Moorpark, CA
  • Newark, CA
  • Novato, CA
  • Pasadena, CA
  • Richmond, CA
  • Rohnert Park, CA
  • Ross, CA
  • San Anselmo, CA
  • San Carlos, CA
  • San Jose, CA
  • San Mateo, CA
  • Santa Barbara, CA
  • Santa Clara County, CA
  • Shasta County, CA
  • South Pasadena, CA
  • Temecula, CA
  • Arvada, CO
  • Avon, CO
  • Boulder, CO
  • Boulder County, CO
  • Eagle County, CO
  • Fort Collins, CO
  • Pueblo, CO
  • San Luis, CO
  • Snowmass Village, CO
  • Telluride, CO
  • Timnath, CO
  • Washington, DC
  • Buena Vista, GA
  • Morrow, GA
  • Barrington, IL
  • Batavia, IL
  • Bedford Park, IL
  • Benton, IL
  • Bloomington, IL
  • Buffalo Grove, IL
  • Burr Ridge, IL
  • Centralia, IL
  • Chicago, IL
  • Cook County, IL+ (except those areas governed by an ordinance of another governmental entity)
  • Countryside, IL
  • Deerfield, IL
  • DeKalb, IL
  • East Peoria, IL
  • Elk Grove Village, IL
  • Evanston, IL
  • Frankfort, IL
  • Hawthorn Woods, IL
  • Highland Park, IL
  • Hinsdale, IL
  • Lake Bluff, IL
  • Lake County, IL
  • Lake Forest, IL
  • Lemont, IL
  • Libertyville, IL
  • Lincolnwood, IL
  • Lindenhurst, IL
  • Milan, IL
  • Morton Grove, IL
  • Naperville, IL
  • Normal, IL
  • Norridge, IL
  • North Aurora, IL
  • Oak Park, IL
  • Orland Park, IL
  • Palatine, IL
  • Park Forest, IL
  • Park Ridge, IL
  • Plainfield, IL
  • Prospect Heights, IL
  • Rolling Meadows, IL
  • Sangamon County, IL
  • South Beloit, IL
  • Tinley Park, IL
  • Urbana, IL
  • Vernon Hills, IL
  • Villa Grove, IL
  • Wamac, IL
  • Washington, IL
  • Wilmette, ILWorth, IL
  • Bloomington, IN
  • Cumberland, IN
  • Elkhart, IN
  • Fort Wayne, IN
  • Franklin, IN
  • Greencastle, IN
  • Hancock County, IN+
  • Monroe County, IN+
  • Plainfield, IN
  • West Lafayette, IN
  • Zionsville, IN
  • Derby, KS
  • Fairway, KS
  • Harvey County, KS
  • Hesston, KSLeawood, KS
  • Lenexa, KS
  • Manhattan, KS
  • Mission, KS
  • Newton, KS
  • North Newton, KS
  • Olathe, KS
  • Overland Park, KS
  • Prairie Village, KS
  • Pratt County, KS
  • Roeland Park, KS
  • Topeka, KS
  • Westwood, KS
  • Ashland, KY
  • Campbellsville, KY
  • Clark County, KY+
  • Danville, KY
  • Elizabethtown, KY
  • Georgetown, KY
  • Hardin County, KY
  • Lexington/Fayette County,
  • KY+
  • London, KY
  • Louisville/Jefferson County,
  • KY+
  • Madison County, KY+
  • Morehead, KY
  • Prestonsburg, KY
  • Radcliff, KY
  • Abington, MA
  • Amherst, MA
  • Beverly, MA
  • Boston, MA
  • Bourne, MA
  • Braintree, MA
  • Brewster, MA
  • Bridgewater, MA
  • Brimfield, MA
  • Canton, MA
  • Carver, MA
  • Chelsea, MA
  • Chilmark, MA
  • Dedham, MA
  • Duxbury, MA
  • Easthampton, MA
  • Edgartown, MA
  • Egremont, MA
  • Essex, MA
  • Everett, MA
  • Framingham, MA
  • Freetown, MA
  • Great Barrington, MA
  • Hancock, MA
  • Holliston, MA
  • Lee, MA
  • Lenox, MA
  • Lexington, MA
  • Lincoln, MA
  • Lynn, MA
  • Marion, MA
  • Mashpee, MA
  • Medfield, MA
  • Middleton, MA
  • Millville, MA
  • Monterey, MA
  • Nantucket, MA
  • Needham, MA
  • Norwood, MA
  • Oak Bluffs, MA
  • Peabody, MA
  • Pittsfield, MA
  • Quincy, MA
  • Revere, MA
  • Richmond, MA
  • Salem, MA
  • Sandwich, MA
  • Saugus, MA
  • Somerset, MA
  • Somerville, MA
  • Stockbridge, MA
  • Tisbury, MA
  • Truro, MA
  • Tyngsborough, MA
  • Tyringham, MA
  • Wakefield, MA
  • Walpole, MA
  • Watertown, MA
  • Westford, MA
  • Westport, MA
  • Weymouth, MA
  • Wrentham, MA
  • Baltimore, MD
  • Howard County, MD
  • Bloomington, MN
  • Carlton County, MN+
  • Cottage Grove, MN
  • Duluth, MN
  • Golden Valley, MN
  • Hutchinson, MN
  • Mankato, MN
  • Olmsted County, MN+
  • Ballwin, MO
  • Independence, MO
  • Kansas City, MO
  • Kirkwood, MO
  • Lee's Summit, MO
  • Liberty, MO
  • North Kansas City, MO
  • Amory, MS
  • Flora, MS
  • Greenwood, MS
  • Hattiesburg, MS
  • Hernando, MS
  • Kosciusko, MS
  • Laurel, MS
  • Mayersville, MS
  • Metcalfe, MS
  • Petal, MS
  • Ridgeland, MS
  • Starkville, MS
  • Tupelo, MS
  • Helena, MT
  • Fargo, ND
  • West Fargo, ND
  • Grand Island, NE
  • Humboldt, NE
  • Lincoln, NE
  • Atlantic City, NJ
  • Bayard, NM
  • Dona Ana County, NM
  • Edgewood, NM
  • Espanola, NM
  • Mesilla, NM
  • Santa Fe, NM
  • Nassau County, NY+
  • New York City, NY
  • Suffolk County, NY+
  • Tompkins County, NY+
  • Westchester County, NY+
  • Bexley, OH
  • Columbus, OH
  • Dublin, OH
  • Gahanna, OH
  • Grandview Heights, OH
  • Granville, OH
  • Heath, OH
  • Marble Cliff, OH
  • New Albany, OH
  • Powell, OH
  • Summit County, OH+
  • Upper Arlington, OH
  • Westerville, OH
  • Worthington, OH
  • Corvallis, OR
  • Eugene, OR
  • Philomath, OR
  • Aiken, SC
  • those cities that choose to opt
  • out)
  • Beaufort, SC
  • Beaufort County, SC
  • Camden, SC
  • Columbia, SC
  • Easley, SC
  • Edisto Beach, SC
  • Fort Mill, SC
  • Greenville, SC
  • Lexington, SC
  • Lexington County, SC
  • North Augusta, SC
  • Pine Ridge, SC
  • Richland County, SC
  • Rock Hill, SC
  • Springdale, SC
  • Sumter, SC
  • Surfside Beach, SC
  • Walterboro, SC
  • York County, SC
  • Abilene, TX
  • Alton, TX
  • Austin, TX
  • Baytown, TX
  • Beaumont, TX
  • Benbrook, TX
  • College Station, TX
  • Conroe, TX
  • Copperas Cove, TX
  • Corpus Christi, TX
  • Dallas, TX
  • El Paso, TX
  • Flower Mound, TX
  • Galveston, TX
  • Harlingen, TX
  • Houston, TX
  • Laredo, TX
  • Marshall, TX
  • McKinney, TX
  • Nacogdoches, TX
  • Pearland, TX
  • Plano, TX
  • Rowlett, TX
  • Socorro, TX
  • Southlake, TX
  • Tyler, TX
  • Vernon, TX
  • Victoria, TX
  • Woodway, TX
  • Mason County, WA
  • Appleton, WI
  • Dane County, WI
  • Eau Claire, WI
  • Fond du Lac, WI
  • Marshfield, WI
  • Middleton, WI
  • Monona, WI
  • Shorewood, WI
  • Shorewood Hills, WI
  • Verona, WI
  • Braxton County, WV+
  • Cabell County, WV+
  • Calhoun County, WV+
  • Doddridge County, WV+
  • Grant County, WV+
  • Harrison County, WV+
  • Jackson County, WV+
  • Kanawha County, WV+
  • Lincoln County, WV+
  • Marlinton, WV
  • Ohio County, WV+
  • Pleasants County, WV+
  • Pocahontas County, WV+
  • Randolph County, WV+
  • Ritchie County, WV+
  • Roane County, WV+
  • Summers County, WV+
  • Tucker County, WV+
  • Upshur County, WV+
  • Wirt County, WV+
  • Wood County, WV+
  • Wyoming County, WV+
  • Burlington, WY
  • Teton County, WY+


Tags:  July 2010  Physical  Policy  Quitting Smoking  Tobacco 

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Parenting Style Influences Family Eating Behavior and Better Nutrition in Adolescents (July 2010)

Posted By National Wellness Institute, Thursday, July 1, 2010
Updated: Friday, December 28, 2012
Investigators from the University of Minnesota have found a direct association between parenting style and the frequency of meals eaten together as a family and that an authoritative parenting style was associated with more frequent family meals. Their data further indicated that family meals have a positive influence on adolescents to eat a healthy diet. The results of the study are published in the July issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Parenting styles can be divided into four types: authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and neglectful. Parents who were empathetic and respectful, but who maintained clear boundaries and expectations, were classified as authoritative. Authoritarian parents maintained strict discipline and showed little warmth. The permissive style was empathetic but with few rules, while the neglectful style was emotionally uninvolved with no rules or expectations.

The authors used survey data from Project EAT (Eating Among Teens), in which two groups of adolescents (1608 middle school and 3074 high school students) completed surveys in 1999 and 2004 regarding eating habits, parental styles, and various socioeconomic variables.

Cross-sectional results for adolescent girls indicated a positive association between maternal and paternal authoritative parenting style and frequency of family meals. For adolescent boys, maternal authoritative parenting style was associated with more frequent family meals. Longitudinal results indicated that authoritative parenting style predicted higher frequency of family meals five years later, but only between mothers and sons or between fathers and daughters.

Tags:  Adolescents  Emotional  Intellectual  July 2010  Kids  Parenting  Social 

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The Pack Man: Get Outside Hiking Tips (June 2010)

Posted By National Wellness Institute, Tuesday, June 1, 2010
Updated: Friday, December 28, 2012
Celebrate June by going for a hike on one of many local or national trails in your area. First, make sure you have packed properly. Below are necessary items for basic packs/day trips. Once you have your basic pack ready, you can build from there.

Determining what to take depends on where you will be hiking and the duration of the hike.

The basics according to Jeff Wetherington from the Suite101.com backpacking website are:
  1. Hiking boots or quality walking shoes with an extra pair of socks
  2. Backpack or daypack—how big depends on how long your trip will be.
  3. Proper clothing—remember to layer if you are beginning in chilly weather and ending in warm weather and vice versa. A simple type of rain/wind gear can be beneficial.
  4. Water—It is the best form of hydration, 2 quarts per person, more if you are hiking in a dry area or for more than a half day.
  5. Food—Make a little extra just in case.
  6. Map/Compass or GPS.
  7. First Aid Kit and a multi tool.
  8. Sunscreen/Insect repellent.
  9. Your Identification.
  10. Ziploc baggies/toilet paper&mdash"Leave no trace" motto meaning leave Mother Nature beautiful and take home your garbage.
Above all, make sure to tell someone if you are hiking alone when you will return or even in a group, someone needs to know where you are.

Smart wool socks are a great addition to anyone's closet and there are many all purpose hiking shoes/boots out there; just make sure you are comfortable. As noted in the above listing, layering is key. You can always take off or put on clothing as needed.

Food was mentioned above. Simple, small and nutritious is the best. Some suggestions: GORP also known as gobs of raisins and peanuts (have fun creating and adding your own elements to the mix); real jerk (jerky); fresh fruit like apples, hard cheese and crackers. The site www.outdoorplaces.com is an excellent reference for information on where to hike and gives more detailed information.

Now that you have your pack basics; let's go hiking! A great local resource is a state gazetteer. It features everything from hiking, biking, camping, fishing, natural/historic landmarks and food manufacturing, places to see—all in your state! Travelling with this giant map is great because adventure is at your fingertips and many times free. It also enables you to familiarize yourself with the beauty within your state.

If you are fortunate enough to live close to national parks and mountains, you can use www.npca.org or www.thebackpacker.com/trails websites. The backpacker is a monthly publication that features local and national hiking/backpacking trails and gives information on anything you want to know about this outdoor activity.

Remember to don your boots and get outdoors! Discover something new in your state that will provide a great memory!

Tags:  Environment  Exercise  June 2010  Physical  Social 

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Grow a Garden, Grow Community (June 2010)

Posted By National Wellness Institute, Tuesday, June 1, 2010
Updated: Friday, December 28, 2012
Imagine yourself being hungry, not having a meal for days, listening to your stomach growl, feeling faint and lethargic. Imagine yourself picking up roadside cans to buy a loaf of bread. Hunger, what does that word mean to you? Do you really know what it is like to be hungry? Many people complain of hunger, without ever knowing what it is truly like to feel it, live it on a daily basis. The United States is known as the breadbasket of the world, yet 500,000 people go hungry every day.

We all share a basic necessity, food. Thinking about hunger awareness in June may seem strange, especially when Mother Nature is in full bloom and activity and new life abounds. Most people think of donating to food banks and the hunger awareness movement only during holidays, albeit winter months. June is Hunger Awareness month.

Gardening can be a way of self empowerment and provide life lessons. Hunger awareness is one way to share not only your bounty with others but perhaps teach others to become empowered so that they can be self sufficient in their basic need of food. What can we do for hunger awareness? Becoming aware isn't enough; acting is a better, longer lasting solution. Putting seeds in the ground is the easy part. Knowing how to harvest your bounty and when and getting it to grow is the hard part. Love plays a crucial role in not only food growth, but the ability to grow communities and people through healthy foods and knowledge.

One noticeable change in local landscapes for spring is the beginning of a garden—soil preparation, planting, weeding and harvesting. For some people, this is a yearly occurrence and has been a tradition in their family for generations. Some people grow a garden out of necessity, for education or to build community. Community is one of the strongest resources available to everyone. A garden gives you a chance to meet your neighbors, share in the profits, teach others and learn as well. Gardening gives you a chance to be "grounded", literally and figuratively.

Sharing is caring. That statement is true in all walks of life. Thinking about the six dimensions of wellness—intellectual, emotional, spiritual, social, occupational, and physical—can you see how each is related to gardening and helping neighbors in need?

These are a few websites that can help get started with community and hunger solutions for all:




Tags:  Diet  Environment  Exercise  Garden  June 2010  Nutrition  Physical  Social 

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Fun Facts (June 2010)

Posted By National Wellness Institute, Tuesday, June 1, 2010
Updated: Friday, December 28, 2012
As the Weather gets warmer, we need to pay better attention to food safety. Incorrectly handled food can lead to foodborne illnesses.

  • Keep Hot Foods Hot & Cold Foods Cold: Meat and poultry products may contain bacteria that cause foodborne illness. They must be cooked to destroy these bacteria and held at temperatures that are either too hot or too cold for these bacteria to grow. Most bacteria do not grow rapidly at temperatures below 40 °F or above 140 °F. Bacteria multiply rapidly at the inbetween temperatures and can reach dangerous levels after 2 hours.
  • Keep Everything Clean: The second principle is that bacteria present on raw meat and poultry products can be easily spread to other foods by juices dripping from packages, hands, or utensils. This is called cross-contamination. Always wash your hands before and after handling food, don't use the same platter and utensils for raw and cooked meat and poultry, and double wrap raw meats in plastic while transporting. Soap and water are essential to cleanliness, so if you are going somewhere that will not have running water, bring it with you. Even disposable wipes will do.
  • Food Safety While Hiking & Camping: It is best to transport chilled foods because keeping hot foods hot can be a problem while camping. Refrigerate or freeze the food overnight. For a cold source, bring frozen gel-packs or freeze some box drinks. The second principle is to keep everything clean, so remember to bring disposable wipes if you are taking a day trip. Safe Drinking Water is also essential. Either bring your own water or on long trips, you can purify water by boiling it. Boiling will kill microorganisms. First, bring water to a rolling boil, and then continue boiling for 1 minute. Before heating, muddy water should be allowed to stand for a while to allow the silt to settle to the bottom. Dip the clear water off the top and boil. At higher elevations, where the boiling point of water is lower, boil for several minutes. As an alternative to boiling water, you can also use water purification tablets and water filters. Because some parasites, such as Cryptosporidium parvum, Giardia lamblia, and larger bacteria, are not killed by purification tablets, you must also use a water filter. These water filtering devices must be 1 micron absolute or smaller. Over time purification tablets lose their potency, so keep your supply fresh. Water sanitizing tablets for washing dishes can also be purchased (just don't confuse the two). Water purification tablets, filters, and sanitizing tablets can be purchased at camping supply stores. What Foods to Bring? If you are backpacking for more than a day, the food situation gets a little more complicated. You can still bring cold foods for the first day, but you'll have to pack shelf-stable items for the next day. Canned goods are safe, but heavy, so plan your menu carefully. Advances in food technology have produced relatively lightweight staples that don't need refrigeration or careful packaging. For example: peanut butter in plastic jars, concentrated juice boxes; canned or dried fish and meats, dried noodles and soups, dried fruits and nuts, and powdered milk and fruit drinks. Cooking at Camp After you have decided on a menu, you need to plan how you will prepare the food. You'll want to take as few pots as possible (they're heavy!). Camping supply stores sell lightweight cooking gear that nest together, but you can also use aluminum foil wrap and pans for cooking. Use a Food Thermometer Another important piece of camping equipment is a food thermometer. To be safe, all food should be cooked to 165 degrees F. Keeping Cold To keep foods cold, you'll need a cold source. A block of ice keeps longer than ice cubes. Before leaving home, freeze clean, empty milk cartons filled with water to make blocks of ice, or use frozen gel-packs. Fill the cooler with cold or frozen foods. Pack foods in reverse order. First foods packed should be the last foods used. (There is one exception: pack raw meat or poultry below ready-to-eat foods to prevent raw meat or poultry juices from dripping on the other foods.) Cleanup Whether taking a hike or camping at an established site, if you will be washing dishes or cookware, there are some rules to follow. Camping supply stores sell biodegradable camping soap in liquid and solid forms. But use it sparingly, and keep it out of rivers, lakes, streams, and springs, as it will pollute. If you use soap to clean your pots, wash the pots at the campsite, not at the water's edge. Dump dirty water on dry ground, well away from fresh water. Some wilderness campers use baking soda to wash their utensils. Pack disposable wipes for hands and quick cleanups.
  • Fish while camping or on the water: If you are planning to fish, check with your fish and game agency or state health department to see where you can fish safely, then follow these guidelines:
    • Finfish:
    • Scale, gut, and clean fish as soon as they're caught.
    • Live fish can be kept on stringers or in live wells, as long as they have enough water and enough room to move and breathe.
    • Wrap fish, both whole and cleaned, in water-tight plastic and store on ice.
    • Keep 3 to 4 inches of ice on the bottom of the cooler. Alternate layers of fish and ice.
    • Store the cooler out of the sun and cover with a blanket.
    • Once home, eat fresh fish within 1 to 2 days or freeze them. For top quality, use frozen fish within 3 to 6 months.
  • Shellfish:
    • Crabs, lobsters, and other shellfish must be kept alive until cooked.
    • Store in live wells or out of water in a bushel or laundry basket under wet burlap or seaweed.
    • Crabs and lobsters are best eaten the day they're caught.
    • Live oysters should be cooked within 7 to 10 days.
    • Live mussels and clams should be cooked within 4 to 5 days.
    • Eating raw shellfish is extremely dangerous. People with liver disorders or weakened immune systems are especially at risk.

Tags:  Diet  Food Safety  Fun Facts  June 2010  Nutrition  Physical 

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Is Your State Set Up to Help Reduce Your Waistline? (June 2010)

Posted By National Wellness Institute, Tuesday, June 1, 2010
Updated: Friday, December 28, 2012
A recent CDC report Highlights States' Abilities to Support Physical Activity. Many states do not have the policy or environmental measures in place to help their residents meet the recommended levels of physical activity to promote health, according to a report released May 25, 2010 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The State Indicator Report on Physical Activity 2010 includes data about individual behaviors related to physical activity, as well as the presence or absence of physical features and policies that can make being physically active either easy or hard to do. The report takes a close look at the amount of physical activity different demographics within each state engage in as well as the policies and environmental features that would promote good health.

The report noted that only 17 percent of the nation's high school students say they get at least an hour of physical activity each day, the minimum recommended for this age group. Only 50 percent of young people reported having access to parks, playgrounds, community centers, and sidewalks that make physical activity convenient. The report also finds that schools and childcare centers cannot be counted on as a place where young people can get the physical activity they need during the week. Only eight states require children to be engaged in moderate or vigorous physical activity in their licensed, regulated child care centers. Only 20 states require or recommend scheduled recess for elementary students, while 37 states require elementary, middle and high schools to teach physical education.

What states are above average in their promotion of Physical activity?

  • Percentage of Middle and High Schools that Allow Youth to use Physical Activity Facilities (National average is 89.41 percent)
    • Not Reporting: CA, CO, IN, KY, LA, MD, MN, NE, NJ, NM, OH, OK, WI, WY
    • Above Average: DE, ID, IA, KS, ME, MO, MT, NE, NH, NY, OR, SD, UT, VT, VA, WA, WV
    • Just Below Average: AK, AR, CT, GA, IL, MA, MI, NC, ND, PA, RI, SC, TX
    • Needs Help (Read: better youth access to physical activity facilities at schools): AL, DC, FL, HA, MS, TN
  • Percentage of Youth with Sidewalks, Community Centers and Parks in their Neighborhoods (National Average is 50 percent—NWI editorial: Let's work to increase this percenatage!)
    • Way Above Average: CA, CO, DC, HI, IL, RI, UT
    • Above Average: AK, IA, KS, MD, MA, MN, NB, NV, NJ, NY, ND, OH, OR, SD, WA, WY
    • Needs Help (Read: better youth access to parks and other public recreation resources): All states not listed above.
  • States that Require Elementary, Middle and High School PE Instruction and Those Who Don't
    • Do'ers: AL, AR, CA, CT, DE, DC, HI, IL, IN, IA, LA, IN, ME, MD, MA, MN, MS, MO, MT, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, NC, ND, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, UT, VT, VA, WA, WV, WI
    • Dont'ers: The states not listed above.
The full report is available at http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/professionals/reports/index.html. For more information about physical activity, visit http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. State Indicator Report on Physical Activity, 2010. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2010.

Tags:  Diet  Exercise  June 2010  Occupational  Physical  Policy 

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Consumer Reports: What Insect Repellants are Worth Buying? (June 2010)

Posted By National Wellness Institute, Tuesday, June 1, 2010
Updated: Friday, December 28, 2012
Besides the itchiness and scratchiness of bug bits, our six-legged friends can cause many more serious issues like Lyme's disease and the West Nile Virus. Consumer Reports recent ranking of repellants recommended the following:

  • Off Deep Woods Sportsmen II; 30% DEET; cost: $1.25 an ounce.
  • Cutter Backwoods Unscented; 23% DEET; cost: $1.33 per ounce.
  • Off FamilyCare Smooth & Dry; 15% DEET; cost: $1.63 an ounce.
  • 3M Ultrathon Insect Repellant 8; 25% DEET; $1.67 per ounce.
  • Repel Plant Based Lemon Eucalyptus; active ingredient oil of lemon eucalyptus; cost: $1.94 an ounce.
  • Natrapel 8-Hour with picaridin; 20% picaridin; cost: $2.00 an ounce.
Others tested included:

  • Avon Skin-So-Soft Bug Guard plus IR3535 Expedition SPF 30, active ingredient IR3535; cost: $3.50 per ounce.
  • Bite Blocker Xtreme (organic); Plant oils are listed as the active ingredient; cost: $1.34 per ounce.
  • Cutter Skinsations Clean Fresh Scent; 7% DEET; cost: $1.04 per ounce.
  • Burt's Bees All Natural Herbal; active ingredient plant oils; cost: $2.00 per ounce.The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) says DEET is safe when used as directed however, toxic reactions have occurred when not used as instructed. The EPA also says DEET shouldn't be applied to babies less than 2 months old.

    The American Academy of Pediatrics has advised against using repellents with DEET concentrations higher than 30% on any kids. And Consumer Reports Health says no one should use a repellent with more than 30% DEET.

    Remember, if you are going to be outside for long periods of time, reapply repellant at least every six hours.

  • Tags:  Chemicals  Insects  June 2010  Physical 

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    Quotes (June 2010)

    Posted By National Wellness Institute, Tuesday, June 1, 2010
    Updated: Friday, December 28, 2012
    The only Zen you find on the tops of mountains is the Zen you bring up. –Robert Persin

    It is not the mountain we conquer but ourselves. –Sir Edmund Hillary

    If you risk nothing you gain nothing. –Bear Grylls

    In every walk with nature one receives more than he seeks. –John Muir

    There's no such thing as bad weather, only unsuitable clothing. –Alfred Wainwright

    If you're walking down the right path and you're willing to keep walking, eventually you'll make progress. –Barack Obama

    I know the joy of fishes in the river through my own joy, as I go walking along the same river. –Zhuangzi

    I only went out for a walk and finally concluded to stay out till sundown, for going out, I found, was really going in. –John Muir

    After a day's walk everything has twice its usual value. –George Macauley Trevelyan

    Perhaps the truth depends on a walk around the lake. –Wallace Stevens

    When you have worn out your shoes, the strength of the shoe leather has passed into the fiber of your body. I measure your health by the number of shoes and hats and clothes you have worn out. –Ralph Waldo Emerson

    I have two doctors, my left leg and my right. –G.M. Trevelyan

    A vigorous five-mile walk will do more good for an unhappy but otherwise healthy adult than all the medicine and psychology in the world. –Paul Dudley White

    My father considered a walk among the mountains as the equivalent of churchgoing. –Aldous Huxley

    We live in a fast-paced society. Walking slows us down. –Robert Sweetgall

    ? Above all, do not lose your desire to walk. Every day I walk myself into a state of well-being and walk away from every illness. I have walked myself into my best thoughts, and I know of no thought so burdensome that one cannot walk away from it. –Soren Kierkegaard Walks

    The best remedy for a short temper is a long walk. –Jacqueline Schiff

    I still find each day too short for all the thoughts I want to think, all the walks I want to take, all the books I want to read and all the friends I want to see. –John Burroughs

    The civilized man has built a coach, but has lost the use of his feet. –Ralph Waldo Emerson, Self-Reliance, 1841

    Thousands of tired, nerve-shaken, over-civilized people are beginning to find out going to the mountains is going home; that wilderness is a necessity... –John Muir

    I've learned that everyone wants to live on top of the mountain, but all the happiness and growth occurs while you're climbing it. –Unknown

    Returning home is the most difficult part of long-distance hiking;You have grown outside the puzzle and your piece no longer fits. –Cindy Ross

    Only if you have been in the deepest valley, can you ever know how magnificent it is to be on the highest mountain. –Richard M. Nixon

    Do not go where the path may lead, go instead where there is no path and leave a trail. –Ralph Waldo Emerson

    Not all that wander are lost. –Unknown

    The experienced mountain climber is not intimidated by a mountain—he is inspired by it. –William Artur Ward

    Over every mountain there is a path, although it may not be seen from the valley. –Theodore Roethk

    There may be more to learn from climbing the same mountain a hundred times than by climbing a hundred different mountains. –Richard Nelson

    Discoveries are often made by not following instructions, by going off the main road, by trying the untried. –Frank Tyger

    It isn't the mountain ahead that wears you out; it's the grain of sand in your shoe. –Robert W. Service

    There are two kinds of climbers, those who climb because their heart sings when they're in the mountains, and all the rest. –Alex Lowe

    The only Zen you find on the tops of mountains is the Zen you bring up. –Robert Persin

    The place where you lose the trail is not necessarily the place where it ends. –Tom Brown, Jr.

    If you can find a path with no obstacles, it probably doesn't lead anywhere. –Frank A. Clark

    Above all, do not lose your desire to walk. Every day I walk myself into a state of well-being and walk away from every illness. I have walked myself into my best thoughts, and I know of no thought so burdensome that one cannot walk away from it. –Soren Kierkegaard

    May your trails be crooked, winding, lonesome, dangerous, leading to the most amazing view. May your mountains rise into and above the clouds. –Unknown

    Tags:  Environment  Exercise  Inspiration  June 2010  Physical  Quotes  Social 

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    Be Smarter than the Sun! (May 2010)

    Posted By National Wellness Institute, Saturday, May 1, 2010
    Updated: Friday, December 28, 2012

    Spring has sprung and summer's right around the corner! In these late spring/early summer months it can be easy to ignore the sun; it doesn't seem nearly hot enough to cause harm. Without realizing it, the sun could be damaging your eyes or your skin. Take the necessary precautions to prevent UV radiation complications.

    Being exposed to too much UV radiation has been shown to cause a variety of visual impairments. The American Optometric Association (www.aoa.org) informs, "The sun's UV radiation can cause cataracts; benign growths on the eye's surface; cancer of the eyelids and skin around the eyes; and photokeratitis, sometimes called snow blindness, which is a temporary but painful sunburn of the eye's surface." They recommend practical over fashionable sunglasses. For more information on what to look for while shopping for sunglasses search the AOA website. Many people realize that their skin needs protection from the sun, but they neglect to protect their eyes. Putting sunglasses on can save your eyes from overexposure to the sun.

    Name five items you would never forget to bring to the beach . . . go! Ok, I imagine that a towel and a beach ball were at the top of your list, and I hope sunscreen was too. In the hot summer months it's easy to remember your sunscreen. What many people don't realize is that it's just as important in these late spring/early summer months to apply sunscreen before spending time outdoors. Where there is sun, there is UV radiation and it's important to protect your skin against the harmful effects of over-exposure. Minimal sunburn is usually just a nuisance and disappears in a couple of days, but it's also an indication that you should have applied more sunscreen. The Skin Cancer Foundation warns that, "One in five Americans will develop skin cancer in the course of a lifetime." Take preventative steps to deter becoming one in five. The Skin Cancer Foundation recommends applying a sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher 30 minutes before going outdoors and to continue applying sunscreen every two hours of sun exposure. For more skin cancer prevention tips visit www.skincancer.org.

    Don't let the sun fool you. Wear your sunglasses and sunscreen whenever you spend time outdoors!

    Tags:  Cancer  Intellectual  May 2010  Physical  Sun 

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    When Chocolate is Not Good (May 2010)

    Posted By National Wellness Institute, Saturday, May 1, 2010
    Updated: Friday, December 28, 2012
    Depression: Individuals who consume large amounts of chocolate are more likely to be clinically depressed, according to a study published in Archives of Internal Medicine, the Wall Street Journal reports (Corbett Dooren, Wall Street Journal, 4/27). Study participants who tested positive for possible depression consumed about 8.4 servings of chocolate monthly, compared with 5.4 servings among those with lower depression test scores. Those who scored highest -- and were most likely to be depressed -- consumed 11.8 servings per month (Tong, Sacramento Bee, 4/27). While the findings were similar for both women and men, the researchers noted that it is unclear whether depression influences the consumption of chocolate or vice versa (Wall Street Journal, 4/27).

    Tags:  Chocolate  Depression  Diet  May 2010  Nutrition  Physical 

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